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Life in Japan - How to Get Permanent Residence

A permanent resident visa (aka "PR") is the Mr. Miagi black belt of visas in Japan.  Why?  Well, I'll tell you why:

* Almost all work visas in Japan require some kind of sponsor, usually a company or a spouse.  The problem here is that if something happens to your sponsor--e.g. your company suffers a financial crisis, or sweet love turns sour--then your visa could go bye-bye.  PR does not have this problem.  You're your own sponsor.
* You don't have to renew it every 1~3 years.
* You can get stuff like credit cards and home loans.  While it's not impossible to get these without PR, you can enjoy more options and higher credit limits closer to what Japanese citizens enjoy.
* You can work in any industry.  Company-sponsored visas usually lock you to a particular industry, but with PR you're free to do whatever you want.
* It's about as close to becoming a Japanese citizen without actually becoming a citizen.
* PR makes you instantly awesome.

As you'd expect, getting something as all-powerful as a permanent residence visa in Japan isn't easy.  Unfortunately, it's made even more difficult since the Immigration Bureau's website (esp. the English one) provides very little information as to what's required.  Having gone through the process myself, I thought I'd outline it--potentially saving you a headache or two.

The Japan Immigration Bureau makes it clear that each PR application is reviewed on an individual basis, so there are no hard and set rules for obtaining PR.  Nevertheless, I was told that there are 2 main ways to get your foot in the proverbial "PR door:"

* 3+ years married to a Japanese citizen
* 10+ years working (preferably without too much job-hopping)

You need 1 of the above.  They told me not to bother applying without one of those, unless you're some kind of superhero diplomat ambassador billionaire.  I went the married route, so here's what I needed to provide:

* PR application (duh) available from the Japan Immigration website.  It's actually not a very long form.  I got the Excel version so that I could fill it in electronically and modify it later if necessary.
* Spouse's kosekitohon (戸籍謄本).  You get this from your city office for a small fee.  Don't give them a copy because this document is watermarked for security.
* Statement of income / tax paid (most recent).  Your employer gives you this every year.  It's a small slip of paper that shows your income that year and how much you paid in taxes.
* Employment certificate.  You can get this from your employer too.  In my case it was a 1-page letter on company letterhead saying that I work there.  Oh, it also listed my start date.
* Photocopy of passport details page.  I gave them a color photocopy because that's the way I roll.
* Photocopy of gaijin card (both sides).  I guess the politically-correct term is "resident card."
* "Official" tax paid statement (住民税の課税(又は非課税)証明書及び納税証明書).  You can get this from your city office.
* Guarantor letter.  You can download a blank one from the Japan Immigration website.  In my case my wife wrote a short statement explaining that she vouches for me--I'm cool and not a criminal mastermind.  A close friend of mine who went the 10+ years working route asked his boss to write it.  I guess you could say it's similar to a letter of recommendation.
* Copy of marriage certificate
* Color photo - 4cm x 3cm.  Make sure to follow their photography guidelines.
* 8000 yen revenue stamp.  You can get this from the convenience store on the ground floor of the Tokyo Immigration Bureau.  If you're not in Tokyo, then any place that sells revenue stamps (e.g. a post office) should have them.  You don't need it when submitting the application--only after your permanent residence has been approved.  So buy it if/when you get that golden ticket in the mail.

Here's the official info from the Immigration Bureau:
And here's the checklist I referenced:

When you go to submit the application, you may also want to bring the originals with you in case they ask to see them (e.g. marriage certificate).  I brought them in a separate folder so they wouldn't get confused with the copies submitted with the application.  At the very least be sure to bring your passport and gaijin card.  You will be required to show those.

After your application is accepted, you wait and wait and WAIT.  You may get a postcard from them asking you for more info.  Otherwise, just keep waiting until you get the magic golden postcard telling you to pickup your shiny new visa.  Mine took 7 months, so be patient!

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  • Guest - JD

    Thanks for such a helpful post.
    Just wondering what proof of financial capacity you had to submit. I read an immigration lawyer’s post saying you need to submit a copy of my bank book or a certificate issued by my bank, but my coworker who recently got his PR said he just asked our company’s payroll division to issue a certificate indicating his monthly salary and position. I don’t have a whole lot of savings so I’m not sure what I should do about this! Any advice is appreciated, thanks!

  • Guest - David

    Hello, I have been married to a Japanese national since 2003, but I haven't been living in the country for almost 15 years from then due to my work.But now I am back in japan and would like to get this PR, and we are living together with my wife and I am starting to work in japan also. I possess a 3 year visa to stay in Japan.
    My questions are:
    1) should i wait for a year or so or should I go through with the application?
    2) What are the criteria for a PR for a foreigner with a Japanese spouse?
    any tips for me to obtain this PR?

  • Guest - Justin

    Hey there. Quick question as I simply have not been able to find an answer to it online. If you are married to a Japanese citizen and you are on a standard working visa can you still apply for PR 3 years after the date of your marriage, or do you know if you have to be on a spousal vis in order to apply this way? Many thanks if you can help

  • Guest - Lee

    Your post was a very big help. Thank you so much✨?

  • Guest - Steve

    Just picked up my new permanent resident's card this morning. This was on the basis of 5 years of marriage to a Japanese national, living in Japan for 4 years and having a stable, fairly well paid job for the last 3 years. To be sure my wife telephoned the local immigration office to get an up-to-date list of all the documents I would be required to bring when applying. I feel very happy to have succeeded :)

  • Guest - Gail

    Hi, Thanks for the useful information. I am a little confused by the personal history section of the PR application - is this only for the period I have been in Japan? I am registered with the local office for tax and such, though I am a "housewife" so have no employment information to add in. I have been married to my Japanese spouse for 25 years and we have relocated to japan 18 months ago, so it seems I meet the criteria to apply for PR?

  • Guest - Gabriel

    Thank you for your info and clear article about necessary documents!
    I was just wondering is this list final or it changed meanwhile. Back in the days Japanese Immigration also required from Japanese spouse same employment papers as you listed them above (proof of employment and Statement of income / tax paid slips (for 3 years or something). If they don't require those anymore that would actually help me a lot and safe a lots of time.

  • Guest - Corinna

    Thanks for all of this information! I referred to it when I applied for PR in August. Just to add my story for reference, I worked for five years as a JET and then for five years at an Eikaiwa. I am not married but had worked the requisite 10 years. Apparently one other important point is that you haven't changed companies, jobs, or types of visas very often. It's also important to prove that you've been paying not only taxes, but insurance and pension. I got the postcard back a few days ago and was a bit worried because it was so early (about 3 months and a week) even though the postcard had circled to bring an 8,000 yen stamp. I went to Immigration and picked up my new residence card with no problem--it all went much more smoothly and quickly than I'd expected. Thanks again for your help!

  • Guest - BBB_000

    Thanks for the info. (married for 3+ year route) I got my approval postcard after 2 months. I went to immigration in late August and got approved in late October. I looked at your website and some Japanese websites (e.g." rel="nofollow"> )to" rel="nofollow">" rel="nofollow"> )to get the 'perfect' list of items needed. There are a few documents that some other websites suggest you get not in your list that may help other people's case. Here's what I brought (random order):
    1) Application form
    2) Letter of Intent written in Japanese 申請理由書 (All the Japanese sites recommend this. It expands on #14 from the application.)
    3) Passport
    4) Copy of Residence Card and Japanese Driver's License
    5) Copy of My Number Card (They gave this back to me and said it was unnecessary...which means everything else I handed in was useful...I assume...)
    6) Proof of 3 years of tax payment (Statement of Income tax from your work place...if you kept yours, great! If you lost them, your work place should have copies for you.) 源泉徴収票
    7) 3 years worth of tax documents from city/ward office...if you're unsure which ones to get...just ask the people working there which ones you need to apply for the eijyuken. I guarantee you they have people working there that know.
    8) Koseki Tohon - 戸籍謄本
    9) Copy of Passport
    10) Employment Certificate - 在職証明書
    11) Juumihyo from city/ward office 住民票
    12) Employment contract (This is different from the certificate) - 雇用契約書
    13) Family Information 親族表 (I used the one at" rel="nofollow"> )
    14) Education, work, and travel history form 履歴書 (Again, used the one at" rel="nofollow">
    15) Color photo
    16) Guarantor Letter 身元保証書 (wife)
    17) Copy of Wife's Passport (just in case they needed photo ID)
    17) Original and copy of the work license from my home country that qualifies me to do my current job
    18) JLPT Level 1 Certificate (Back before it changed to N1)... I never retook it

    It took me a month to get all the documents and write that letter of intent. I wrote it in English, then in Japanese, and then my wife pretty much rewrote the entire letter in polite Japanese.

    I hope this helps some people. Good luck!

  • Guest - David Taylor

    It seems you make the transition to living in Japan quite an easy option, so I am interested for the future possibility of living there myself.

    I have met a great mature Japanese girl who loves me dearly. One day I hope to get married to her , either in the UK or Japan .
    So if we get married in England and then we want to live in Japan , what happens next , It is likely that I would not have a job in Japan as I would most likely want to retire and live in Japan . Will Japan take a married spouse who does not have a job in Japan ??? whether I get married in Japan or in England. My spouse says she wants to keep working and look after me , but would Japan allow that type of arrangement. Would my partner have to earn over a certain threashold to be my guarentor or supporter of me ?, and what is the threashold in £ ?. I would have enough money to buy my own house in Japan from the sale of my own house. I would also be able to get my early retirement pension in Japan.

    So with that information, what do you think ? I might not want to live and work in England over 58 years old, so I need to start thinking of a possible switch to Japan . What do you suggest ?? I look forward to your reply

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